115th Congress Archives > Gun Safety & School Security Legislation

       

Bills introduced in the US Congress after the Parkland school shooting pertaining to gun safety and school security.



Download this guide (PDF)


Last updated 04/08/2018

LEGISLATION PASSED IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
H.R. 4909: STOP School Violence Act of 2018

Introduced 01/30/18, by Rep. John Rutherford (R-Fla.)

Summary: This bill was Congress's first attempt at finding a solution to the plague of school shootings our country has experienced. It contains very little content related to common-sense gun safety legislation and much more about school security. The abbreviation from the bill name stands for "Student, Teachers, and Officers Preventing (STOP) School Violence." TIME Magazine has the most succinct recap of what is - and is not - included in the bill. They report that this legislation "provides $50 million per year to:

  • Create and operate an 'anonymous reporting systems for threats of school violence, including mobile telephone applications, hotlines, and internet websites'
  • Implement improvements to school security infrastructure
  • Develop student, teacher and law enforcement training to prevent violence"

The bill contains absolutely no language related to gun control. For more extensive analysis of the wrangling that led to the bill, this Vox article titled "As student activists rally outside, the House passes a narrow school safety measure" is a good place to start.

The GOP leadership brought this bill to the floor under a House procedure called "suspension of the rules" that allowed them to bypass debate if they could get a supermajority of two-thirds to approve the bill. The vote took place on Mar. 14, 2018, the same day as the school walkouts around the country, and it passed 407-10. Representative Fitzpatrick voted YES.


Tally of topics included in bills introduced and pending in congress:
Introduced By:Pending In:
Topic of legislationDemocratRepublicanHouseSenate
Addresses mental health2415
Bans assault weapons31 4
DECREASES age limits 11
Improves background checks9375
Increases age limits3131
Increases research2121
Increases reporting4554
Increases school security 14104
Increases taxation on firearms1 1
Introduces product safety oversight1 1
Limits magazine size3 3
Limits straw purchasing213
Prohibits weapon modification 1 1
Totals30314021

NOTE: Counts exceed the number of bills because many bills address multiple topics


LIST OF PENDING BILLS
in chronological order with links to text, status, and cosponsors of each bill.

NOTE: Where text of a bill is not yet available on-line, a recap is drawn from the legislator's press release.

H.R. 5077: Assault Weapons Ban of 2018

Topics: Bans assault weapons, Improves background checks, limits magazine size
Introduced 02/20/18, by Rep. Frederica Wilson (D-Fla.)
Summary: This bill bans the sale of semi-automatic weapons (and names several hundred specific models), restricts large-capacity ammunition feeding devices, and introduces new background checks for private sales or transfers of privately held weapons purchased before the ban

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5087: Assault Weapons Ban of 2018

Topics: Bans assault weapons, Improves background checks, Increases reporting, Limits magazine size
Introduced 02/26/18, by Rep. David Cicilline (D-R.I.)
Summary: This is almost identical to Rep. Wilson's abovementioned bill. It has one addition, in that under this bill business owners must notify law enforcement of any attempted transfer of a prohibited firearm and this information must be entered into the national background check system. Of all the bills included here, this is the one with the widest support. It has 173 co-sponsors (all Democrats) as of 03/03/17.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5088: No MAGA Act

Topics: Increases age limits, Limits straw purchasing
Introduced 02/26/18, by Rep. Sheila Jackson Lee (D-Texas)
The "No MAGA" in this bill stands for "No More Atrocities with Guns Act." This bill would prohibit the sale of semi-automatic weapons to people under the age of 21.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5090: Raise the Age Act

Topics: Increases age limits, Increases reporting
Introduced 02/26/18, by Rep. Anthony Brown (D-Md.)
Like Rep. Jackson Lee's bill, this bill would prohibit the sale of semi-automatic weapons to people under the age of 21. It would also initiate the process of improving the FBI's public access line, through which citizens can provide tips. As of 03/13/18 this bill has 26 co-sponsors - 23 Democrats and 3 Republicans - including PA-08's own Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick and PA-15's Rep. Charlie Dent (retiring).

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5103: Gun Violence Prevention and Safe Communities Act of 2018

Topics: Increases taxation on firearms and ammunition, Increases research
Introduced 02/27/18, by Rep. Danny Davis (D-Ill.)
This bill would dramatically increase the tax on both guns and ammunition, for both original purchases and transfers. It also increases the occupational tax on importers, manufacturers and dealers in firearms. It directs the increased revenue to law enforcement and research on gun violence.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5106: Investor Choice Against Gun Proliferation Act

Topics: Increases reporting
Introduced 02/27/18, by Rep. Gregory Meeks (D-N.Y.)
This would help people divest from financial positions that had interests in gun manufacturing and sales by changing Security and Exchange Commission Rules so that any fund that does hold such positions must disclose them to investors.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5107: To direct the Secretary of Education to carry out a grant program to secure elementary schools and secondary schools

Topics: Increases school security
Introduced 02/27/18, by Rep. Roger Williams (R-Texas)
This bill would increase funding for schools that want to increase their security infrastructure and/or personnel.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5112: SAFER Voter Act

Topics: DECREASES age limits
Introduced 02/27/18, by Rep. Thomas Massie (R-Ky.)
The short version of the bill name stands for "Second Amendment For Every Registrable Voter Act." This bill would expand the rights of teenagers to access guns by changing the rules that govern handgun sales to allow purchase by 18-year-olds.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



S. 2470: AGE 21 Act

Topics: Increases age limits
Introduced 02/28/18, by Sen. Jeff Flake (R-Ariz., retiring)
This bill would keep people under the age of 21 from purchasing semi-automatic weapons, long-guns or rifles and handguns. As of 03/13/18 this bill has 2 co-sponsors, but they are bipartisan.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



S. 2475: BUMP Act

Topics: Prohibits weapon modification
Introduced 02/28/18, by Sen. Jeff Flake (R-Ariz, retiring)
The BUMP in the bill title stands for "Banning Unlawful Machinegun Parts." This bill would prohibit people from modifying firearms in way that would make them deadlier - like bump stock modifications - and would increase penalties on those caught doing so. As of 03/13/18 this bill has 3 co-sponsors, but they are bipartisan.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



S. 2486: Safe Students Act

Topics: Increases school security
Introduced 03/01/18, by Sen. Rand Paul (R-Ky.)
This bill repeals the Gun-Free School Zones Act of 1990 and would allow for more armed people, including teachers, to be present in schools.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5134: STOP Straw Purchases Act

Topics: Limits straw purchasing
Introduced 03/01/18, by Rep. Don Bacon (R-Neb.)
This bill would increase penalties for professional gun middlemen who purchase guns in states with lax rules and then move or resell them elsewhere or via private sales, which have looser rules governing them.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5135: Securing Children in Schools Act of 2018

Topics:Increases school security
Introduced 3/01/18, by Rep. Kay Granger (R-Texas)
This bill would increase funding for schools that want to increase the their security presence through use of metal detectors and other screening technology.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5139: Hire Our Heroes to Protect Our Schools Act of 2018

Topics: Increases school security
Introduced 03/01/18, by Rep. Steve Chabot (R-Ohio)
This bill would increase funding for schools that want to increase the armed security presence, specifically encouraging the hiring of former law enforcement officers and veterans.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5161: To require the Surgeon General of the Public Health Service to submit to Congress an annual report on the effects of gun violence on public health

Topics: Increases research
Introduced 03/05/18, by Rep. Robin Kelly (D-Ill.)
The Dickey Amendment forbids the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) from putting government funds toward researching anything related to firearms. H.R. 5161 would bypass that legislation by reassigning the research tasks to the Surgeon General, to whom the Dickey Amendment is not applied.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5162: To amend the Consumer Product Safety Act to remove the exclusion of pistols, revolvers, and other firearms from the definition of consumer product in order to permit the issuance of safety standards for such articles by the Consumer Product Safety Commission

Topics: Introduces product safety oversight
Introduced 03/05/18, by Rep. Robin Kelly (D-Ill.)
Currently, firearms are excluded from consumer rules that mandate safety standards and recalls. This bill would remove that exclusion, so that firearms would be overseen in the same manner as all other consumer products.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5163: To amend chapter 44 of title 18, United States Code, to prohibit the sale or other disposition of a firearm to, and the possession, shipment, transportation, or receipt of a firearm by, certain classes of high-risk individuals

Topics: Improved background checks
Introduced 03/05/18, by Rep. Robin Kelly (D-Ill.)
This addresses an expansion of people who would be forbidden to own firearms and who would be flagged in the national background check system. Under this bill, domestic abusers, stalkers, and people with a pattern of violent crimes would be stripped of their rights to purchase firearms.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



S. 2492: NICS Denial Notification Act of 2018

Topics: Improved background checks, Increases reporting
Introduced 03/05/18, by Sen. Pat Toomey (R-Penn.)
This bill requires federal authorities to alert state law enforcement of background checks denials, so that those who "lie and try" can be prosecuted. As of 03/13/18, this bill had bipartisan support, with 5 Democrats and 4 Republicans joining Senator Toomey the day the bill was introduced.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



S. 2495: STOP School Violence Act of 2018

Topics: Addresses mental health, Increases school security
This bill is the Senate version of the bill that passed the House on 03/14/18 - HR. 4909

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5185: To make supplemental appropriations for the Cops in Schools program for fiscal year 2018

Topics: Increases school security
Introduced 03/06/08, by Rep. Mark Meadows (R-N.C.)
This is another bill that provides money to schools for increasing security by having armed police officers present.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5186: To amend the definition of a school resource officer to include certain veterans

Topics: Increases school security
Introduced 03/06/08, by Rep. Mark Meadows (R-N.C.)
This bill changes the rules about school resources officers (security) so that veterans can be eligible for federal programs related to that kind of school staffing.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



S. 2502: Protecting Communities and Preserving the Second Amendment Act of 2018

Topics: Addresses mental health, Improves background checks, Increases research, Increases reporting, Increases school security
Introduced 03/06/18, by Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-Iowa)
According to Senator Grassley, this bill "takes important, concrete steps to improve the NICS, address mental health concerns relating to the purchase of firearms and bolster alerts to law enforcement. It will commission a study on the causes of mass shootings from the National Institute of Justice and National Academy of Sciences. The bill also includes additional grant resources, which can be used to strengthen school safety and security." As of 03/13/18 the only co-sponsor is Sen. Ted Cruz (R-Texas).

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



S. 2513: A bill to improve school safety and mental health services

Topics: Addresses mental health, Increases school security
Introduced 03/07/18, by Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-Tenn.)
This bill increases the funding available to schools to hire more counselors and to provide additional training for existing staff. It also allows schools to use federal education funding for school safety infrastructure, including installing new alarm systems, improving entrances and exits of school, and installing security cameras.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



S. 2521: A bill to authorize the issuance of extreme risk protection orders

Topics: Addresses mental health, Improves background checks
Introduced 03/08/18, by Sen. Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.)
This bill is a national version of the "red flag" legislation that is moving through many state legislatures, which would allow family and mental health professionals to have guns removed from at risk individuals who pose a threat to themselves or others, but before they actually commit a crime. Senator Blumenthal introduced this with Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.) as a co-sponsor.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5225: To reinstate the final rule issued by the Social Security Administration entitled "Implementation of the NICS Improvement Amendments Act of 2007"

Topics: Addresses mental health, Improves background checks
Introduced 03/08/18, by Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D-N.Y.)
This bill would reverse the decision made last year to get rid of an Obama-era law related to guns and mental health. Some people receive Social Security Disability benefits because of mental issues so disabling that they need another person to manage their finances. That old bill banned them from purchasing firearms. The current Congress got rid of that law last year, utilizing the Congressional Review Act to nullify the legislation from the previous administration. H.R. 5225 bill would put the ban back into effect.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5268: Safe Schools Act

Topics: Increases school security
Introduced 03/14/18, by Rep. Luke Messer (R-Ind.)
Summary: This bill would authorize the Department of Homeland Security to release grant money to school systems to be used to improve security infrastructure, increase the number of resource officers, and improve coordination with local police departments.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5271: Tiahrt Restrictions Repeal Act

Topics: Improves background checks, Increases reporting
Introduced 03/14/18, by Rep. Barbara Lee (D-Ca.)
Summary: This bill would change some regulations that limit the actions that can be taken by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms. If passed the ATF would be able to trace firearms, impose a requirement that firearms dealers conduct a physical inventory, and would no longer be bound by the rule that national instant criminal background check records be destroyed within 24 hours.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5286: Mass Violence Prevention Reform Act

Topics: Bans assault weapons (temporarily)
Introduced 03/14/18, by Rep. Brian Mast (R-Fla.)
Summary: This bill would impose a 60-day moratorium on the transfer or receipt of an assault rifle.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



S. 2546: MASS Act

Topics: Improves background checks
Introduced 03/14/18 by Sen. Ed Markley (D-Mass.)
Summary: The shortened name of this act stands for "Making America Safe and Secure Act." It would extend grant money to started to improve their firearm licensing systems, and more comprehensively defines who would be prohibited from receiving such licenses.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5307: STEP Act of 2018

Topics: Increases school security
Introduced 03/15/18, by Rep. Steve Knight (R-Ca.)
Summary: The shortened title of the bill stands for "School Training, Equipment, and Protection Act." This bill would increase school funding for surveillance and barrier technology, as well as active shooter training for faculty and staff. It would also encourage greater coordination with local law enforcement.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5332: Student and Teacher Safety Act of 2018

Topics: Increases school security
Introduced 03/19/18, by Rep. Glenn Grothman (R-Wis.)
Summary: This bill would amend the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to add the words "including the prevention of gun violence" after the provision that encourages and funds "activities to support school safety." It would fund improvements to perimeter fencing, duress or panic systems and other physical improvements to the school that 'enhance' school safety

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5360: Tax Credit for Veterans and Retired Law Enforcement Officers for Securing Schools Act

Topics: Increases school security
Introduced 03/21/18, by Rep. Mark Meadows (R-N.C.)
Summary: This bill would amend the tax code to give tax credits to (as its name implies) veterans and retired law enforcement officers who go to work as school resource officers.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5380: Securing Our Children Act of 2018

Topics: ncreases reporting
Introduced 03/22/18, by Rep. John Katko (R-N.Y.)
Summary: This bill would establish a "Presidential Commission on Securing our Nation's Children," made up of members of the House, Senate, and other "individuals who are specially qualified to serve on the Commission by virtue of their education, training, or experience" to compile a report on what steps can be taken to make schools safer.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5383: To prevent the purchase of ammunition by prohibited purchasers

Topics: Improves background checks
Introduced 03/22/18, by Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-Fla.)
Summary: This bill would modify the background check system so that people who are prohibited from purchasing firearms would also be prevented from purchasing ammunition.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5398: 21 to Buy Act

Topics: Increase age limits
Introduced 03/22/18, by Rep. Theodore Deutch (D-Fla.)
Summary: This bill would limit the purchase of rifles, shotguns and the ammunition for such weapons to people who are 21 years of age or older.

Link to text of bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



S. 2607: A bill to provide family members of an individual who they fear is a danger to himself/herself, or others, or law enforcement, with new tools to prevent gun violence

Topics: Addresses mental health, Improves background checks, Increases reporting
Introduced 03/22/18, by Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.)
Summary: This bill would create a program to encourage states to pass "red flag laws" - processes that allow law enforcement and/or family members to quickly get court orders to limit the access to firearms for a person who presents a danger to themselves or others. This pertains to both keeping that person from purchasing new firearms and potentially removing existing firearms from their possession. States would be encouraged to do so via a grant program.

Senator's press release     Senator's one-page bill recap https://www.rubio.senate.gov/public/_cache/files/178fef18-74cb-406f-b9ac-efd4ca51a258/FE66CF63CCF3DF78879B42CD18981863.extreme-risk-protection-order-and-violence-prevention-act-one-pager-.pdf    Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



S. 2618: A bill to amend subpart 1 of part A of title IV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 in order to ensure that grant activities do not discourage the reporting of violent offenses or interfere with Federal, State, or local law enforcement agencies

Topics: Increases reporting
Introduced 03/22/18, by Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.)
Summary: According to the Senator's press release, this bill would "prevent federal funds from being used to establish school discipline policies that intentionally discourage schools from reporting certain dangerous student behavior to local law enforcement."

Senator's press release     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



S. 2627: A bill to appropriately restrict sales of ammunition

Topics: not yet available, will be updated
Introduced 03/22/18, by Sen. Richard Blumenthal (D-Conn.)
Summary: not yet available, will be updated

Link to text of bill - not available online, no Senator press release    Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5410: To improve public safety through sensible reforms to firearms regulations

Topics: Bans assault weapons, Improves background checks, Limits magazine size, Limits straw purchasing
Introduced 03/26/18, by Rep. Joyce Beatty (D-Ohio)
This bill would improve the background check system, ban assault weapons, ban high capacity magazines, initiate a federal firearm buy-back program, make firearm trafficking a federal crime, and make sure that stalkers and domestic abusers are prohibited from owning firearms.

Representative's press release     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors



H.R. 5427: To amend the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to give a public safety and community policing grant preference for applicants prioritizing the hiring of school resource officers

Topics: Increases school security
Introduced 04/05/18, by Rep. Tom Marino (R-Penn.)
Summary: This bill changes an existing crime bill to prioritize grants to states and municipalities who are creating programs to increase the hiring of veterans and former law enforcement officers to improve school security.

Link to text of Bill     Link to status of bill     Link to list of cosponsors